SubQuantum
SUBQUANTUMMANIFEST.
Dan Visser, 2009 (photogragh Nydia M. de Keyzer).
INTRODUCTION SUBQUANTUM MANIFEST.
In 1999 my website contained an article written in simple mathphysics (written here below the introduction). It proved two kinds of informationloss exist in the universe. After combining the different formulas for these two informationlosses, the result showed a "returnedinformation" from below the Planckscale. This manifests as ? 4.45% visible matter. The rest is "dark matter and dark energy". The result shows (by a formula) the eventhorizon of a Planck hole is located inside the boundery of an elementary surfacequantum. I called this my 'subquantummanifest', because it refined the Plancklength of Standard Physics.
On the other hand a Black hole would evaporate, according to Hawking in 1974 (termic radiation). For smaller Black holes, the faster the evaporation would happen. At that time it was known the eventhorizon could be interpreted as containing all the information of what was disappeared in a Black hole. So, after increasingly faster evaporation a Planck hole would release all the information as visible light.
Then afterwards the awareness developed that information could never be lost, because it concerns the informationdifferences of evry that was disappeared. Such an "informationcode" points out that real "informationloss" could never be the case (unitarityprinciple). The "code" of all disappeared information can be considered as subquantuminformation, coming from below the Planckscale. I deducted this on my own way, five years earlier than Stephen Hawking admitted that information could never be lost, loosing his bet with Kip Thorne in 2004.
I decided to send an email about this to the APS (PRL) for peerreview, on September 21, 1999. At that time my way of subjecting this was a weird paradox. The APS didn't want to publish it and never gave any valid motivation for their decision. Maybe it was because I also stated that "telepathy" could be based on particles related to this "informationcode". I thought these would be imagined as "dark waves". The equivalent particles I called "black particles". I also mentioned I was a "paintingartist", which didn't make it look serious at all.
January 10, 2010, I published my 'subquantummanifest' on my website. It became the base for further developement of the Double Torus theory. It was the period I developed my 'timetorus model', which appeared to be the precosmological model for the Double Torus Hypothesis (Twintori model) that was introduced in coauthorship with Christopher Forbes (UK), PhD Math and Physics (and his colleage).
SUBQUANTUM MANIFEST.
Firstly, I was not able to use a kind of mathtype formulas at that time, so I wrote it as seperate wordtyping.
The informationloss of a black hole is represented as the entropy S.
A’ nO_{e} A 1
S = ___ = __ = __ = __ A (S. Hawking 1974)
4O_{e} 4O_{e } 4 4
with A’ = 4 pi (Rs)² [m^{2}] as the surface of a black hole.
The entropy S is a dimensionless number. So A is the amount of Plancksurfaces.The squared Plancklength is O_{e}, which is also called a elementary surfacequantum, and is as follows:
hG
Oe = ______
2 (pi) c^3
h = Planckconstant; G = gravitationconstant; c = the lightspeed.
Secondly:
The orbit of light through the universe is described by the next formula:
d t t
__ = 3 ( _ )^2/3 . { 1  ( _ )^1/3} (formule 2 by P.Hoying after correction, reference: source Zenithmagazine, The Netherlands)
ct0 t0 t0
In this formula is:
d = the distance to the lightsource.
c = the lightspeed.
t0 = the age of the universe.
t = the time at which a lightbeam departs from its lightsource.
t= t0 is the presents.
t< t0 is the past.
t> t0 is the future.
t=0 the Big Bang starts as an illusive dynamics.
In my view, as long as light has not reached an observer, there is still na informationloss from the past.
This is also the case when information disappears into a black hole that at last will evaporate. As long as we have to wait for that, it is informationloss from the past. Therefore the informationloss can be described by making the formula (1) and (2) equal to eachother, as follows:
For S = A' / 4O_{e } follows:
4(pi)² c^3 (Rs)² t t
_________ = 3. (_ )^2/3 . { 1  ( _ )^1/3}
2hG t0 t0
hG t t
(Rs)² = 3 . ________ . ( _ )^2/3 . { 1  ( _ )^1/3 }
2(pi)² c^3 t0 t0
Then the question I put myself: In what condition for (t) is the present and past existing simultaniously? This means I have to substitute t = t0 and t << t0 in the different parts of the equations. The decision to be made is: t = t0 must be substituted in the 1st part and t << t0 in the 2nd part and not in reversed. I explain that:
t t
( _ )^ 2/3 . { 1  ( _ ) ^1/3}
t0 t0
in 1st and 2nd
 part 
t = t0 t << t0
Reverse substitution is not allowed, because then (Rs)² = 0 and would have no length. This should mean that the existence of black holes would be discarded. Moreover also h, G en c would not exist, which should mean that general phsics would not exist. This is unacceptable, because then there would be no expanding universe. That is not what we observe. Therefore t = t0 must be substituted in the first part. From this follows:
hG
(Rs)² = 3 . _____. "1"
2(pi)² c^3
The meaning of "1" is : "(Rs)² exists (or in other words: is true) ". Consequently there are black holes in the universe. So, this is a confirmation of Einsteins relativity, which is accepted physics. From this follows :
3
(Rs)² = _ Oe [m²]
pi
This expresses my subquantum manifest (Dan Visser, Almere The Netherlands; dan.visser@planet.nl)
It shows that the eventhorizon is located inside the elementary surfacequantum, because 3/pi < 1 .
So it concludes the eventhorizon of a Planck hole is located inside the Planckhole.
The factor (3 / pi) = 0.14 and differs from pi with (0.14 / 3.14) . 100% = 4.45 %. This is released as visible matter. The rest are "dark matter and dark energy events".
This original formulation has been written on April 162003 and was textual modified on July 3 2012.
Juridical terms applied (see webbutton on this website)
